When I write about The Citadel and transfers, I want to first distinguish between basic types. One of them is the three-year transfer. It’s a little bit unusual, but not rare, for someone to spend his or her freshman year at another school, and then transfer into The Citadel.
Now, the “system” at The Citadel is designed for a four-year student. In other words, the typical member of the corps of cadets spends four years at the school, and those four years have very specific benchmarks. However, it is possible (and not particularly difficult) for a student to transfer in and spend three years in the corps, and have essentially the same experience as a four-year student. Basically, the sophomore/junior years are combined.
I don’t know anyone associated with The Citadel who has a problem with a three-year transfer athlete representing the school. I certainly don’t. It doesn’t happen often, to be sure. Recently Kenny Manigault, who played high school basketball in the Charleston area for Pinewood Prep, announced he was transferring from Wichita State to The Citadel. Manigault will have three years of athletic eligibility, and will presumably be spending (at least) three years in the corps of cadets.
Another athlete who will be transferring in to The Citadel is Blane Woodfin, who originally committed to Air Force, but was not admitted to the AFA (reportedly because of a physical problem). Woodfin attended Montana State last year but did not play football, and will thus apparently have four years of athletic eligibility remaining at The Citadel, not three.
These are not transfers likely to cause any cantankerous old alum heartburn, even though Manigault called Chuck Driesell “real laid back”, which is the first time I’ve ever heard anyone call Driesell laid back. The Citadel as an institution, as Manigault and Woodfin will soon learn (if they don’t know already), is certainly not laid back…
However, there is another type of transfer that has been popping up more and more at The Citadel in recent years, the “fifth-year” transfer.
This started in football, where a player can transfer from an FBS school to an FCS school and play immediately. The “trailblazer” in this category for The Citadel was Jeff Klein, a quarterback who transferred from Auburn and played one year for The Citadel (2002).
He was followed the next season by former Clemson QB Willie Simmons and ex-Duke defensive back Anthony Roberts. Those three players played for The Citadel under former coach (and alum) Ellis Johnson. In recent years, Kevin Higgins has had two fifth-year transfers — his son, wideout Tim Higgins (who originally played for Florida), and tight end B.J. Phillips (North Carolina).
All of these guys graduated from their original schools and played one year as graduate students for The Citadel, except for Phillips (who had two years of athletic eligibility in football remaining after graduating from UNC).
As students in The Citadel Graduate College, none of these players were members of the corps of cadets (indeed, it’s possible none of them even attended classes with cadets, as graduate classes at The Citadel are held at night).
Reports vary on how seriously these graduate student athletes attempted to bond with their teammates, tried to understand/appreciate what cadets go through, etc. My general impression, which could be wrong, is that Simmons and the younger Higgins made an effort to try and “jell” with the team and school; Klein, not so much. Phillips, of course, still has one year left on the football team.
These one-year-only players were not a factor in basketball at The Citadel because there was no lower classification within Division I for them to transfer to without penalty (in other words, no FBS/FCS distinction). At least, they weren’t a factor until last year, when Joe Wolfinger transferred to The Citadel after graduating from Washington.
Wolfinger had his degree and one year of athletic eligibility in basketball remaining, and he used that year to play basketball at The Citadel, thanks to a technicality. As this article explained:
Wolfinger will be a fifth-year senior next season and is apparently eligible to play immediately at The Citadel because he has graduated from UW and will enter a Master’s program at The Citadel that is not offered at Washington.
Wolfinger is gone, and so is Ed Conroy, but Chuck Driesell has decided to bring in his own tall transfer for this upcoming season:
Mike Dejworek, a 6-11 center from Belmont University, will play one season for the Bulldogs as a graduate student, new coach Chuck Driesell confirmed…
…Dejworek, a native of Ulm, Germany, sat out last season with a shoulder injury after playing three years for Belmont. In 2008-09, he played in 24 games and started one for a 20-13 Belmont team, averaging 1.7 points and 1.6 rebounds. He was a reserve on a Belmont team that made the NCAA tournament his sophomore season.
I presume that, like Wolfinger, Dejworek will be enterering a Master’s degree program at The Citadel that is not offered by Belmont.
There are plenty of alums who are less than crazy about athletes competing on varsity teams without ever being part of the corps of cadets. Ken Burger, then the sports editor of The Post and Courier, wrote about this as far back as 2003:
…the school’s old guard is very vocal about this troublesome trend. They say these young men never spent a single day at The Citadel and don’t deserve the privilege of wearing the school’s uniform. Even its football uniform…
…Over the next three months we will find out how this experiment works out for [Ellis] Johnson’s program and The Citadel. And, there will be plenty of people watching and judging from the sidelines…
…While it’s easy to say the old school should stick to the old ways, there’s another side of this controversy that can’t be ignored.
The Citadel’s military counterpart, VMI, recently left the SoCon and downgraded to the Big South Conference because the Keydets could no longer compete…
Ah, yes, the old “we just can’t compete” crutch. Poor, pitiful puppies; how can our coaches ever win?
First, the obvious. Charlie Taaffe won a Southern Conference title in football without any non-cadet help. He beat South Carolina and Arkansas and Army and Navy, and all of his players were in the corps of cadets.
Brief tangent: Just for clarification, Taaffe did occasionally have some fifth-year guys who had already graduated and had an extra year of eligibility remaining after redshirting, but all of them had spent four years in the corps. That is a completely different situation than the fifth-year ‘program’ I’m discussing in this post, of course.
Eddie Teague won a SoCon title back in the day, too, with members of the corps of cadets. It’s not easy (after all, The Citadel has just those two league titles in football), but it can be done.
Meanwhile, the fifth-year recruits have not exactly led to dramatic success on the gridiron. Klein set lots of passing records in 2002, but the team went 3-9. With Simmons at quarterback (and Roberts in the defensive backfield) in 2003, the Bulldogs improved to 6-6. Tim Higgins’ one season at The Citadel came in 2007, the only season since 1997 in which the Bulldogs have finished with a winning record (7-4).
In hoops, Wolfinger did not prove to be a difference-maker last year, as The Citadel went 16-16, a season that followed a 20-13 campaign. Wolfinger got progressively less playing time as the year went on, as he turned out not to be a particularly good fit for The Citadel’s style of play.
There is another aspect to this, the “recruited over” concern. If you are a promising high school football player and you are considering The Citadel, should you be worried about the possibility that down the road, when it’s finally time for you to become a regular, the coach will suddenly bring in some graduate student to take your position? Being recruited over is something normally associated with players at big-time college basketball programs, not The Citadel.
Those are the on-field results and issues. What about the off-the-field repercussions?
— The essence of The Citadel, the part that differentiates it from other schools, is the corps of cadets. Our athletic teams are supposed to represent the students at the military college. What statement is the school making when it elects to offer opportunities to varsity athletes who have never been a part of the military environment?
— For that matter, the athletic teams represent the alumni as well. Am I supposed to identify with varsity athletes who did not go through the same experiences that I did?
— If I have misgivings as an alumnus about identifying with these athletes, just imagine how the current members of the corps of cadets must feel.
— There is also the public perception. Many outsiders are impressed that The Citadel can compete at all with the inherent disadvantages of being a military school. When you bring in players from outside that environment, do you know what the general public calls them? Ringers. (So do some alums.)
At that point The Citadel becomes “just another school” in the minds of some people. Is that something that the powers-that-be at The Citadel want?
I might add that the perception issue is magnified when the player plays a high-profile position (like quarterback) in football. In basketball, there aren’t that many players, so almost any player is highly visible.
Having said all that, I don’t blame any of the individual coaches for bringing in graduate students. Coaches are trying to win. Winning is not easy to do at The Citadel, so it’s not surprising that coaches try to work the system as much as possible.
Coaches also tend to have a narrower focus; it’s hard to expect Chuck Driesell, for example, to consider how a graduate student playing basketball may affect the school, in terms of the big picture. Driesell is just trying to find a big man who can rebound.
The administration has the responsibility of telling the coaches to focus solely on recruiting players who will be part of the corps of cadets. It appears that, for whatever reason(s), the current administration does not share the concerns that have been expressed by some alums.
Maybe the thinking from General Rosa and company is that one or two exceptions don’t really matter. I don’t know. It’s also possible that the school wants to have occasional graduate student varsity athletes, in an effort to promote the Graduate College.
I tend to doubt that having an occasional hoopster or football player in the graduate school is going to raise the profile of the CGC, although I couldn’t blame the school for trying every avenue to promote it. The CGC is an opportunity for The Citadel to make money, which the school needs to do.
Over the past few years, the military college has gradually become simply a state school, as opposed to a state-supported school. That’s because the State of South Carolina continues to cut back on funding for higher education (in general, the state legislature believes higher education should end after the third grade).
[Sorry for the political jibe, but honestly, our state’s lack of commitment to education is embarrassing.]
In closing, one thing I want to emphasize is that I don’t have anything against the players who enter the school as graduate students. They are taking advantage of a great opportunity, as well they should. I wish them well, and I hope they are successful in class and on the field of play. I will be rooting for them, as I do anyone who represents my alma mater.
I just wish the administration would revisit the current policy. I strongly believe that varsity athletes at The Citadel should all come from the corps of cadets. I know my opinion doesn’t really matter, but I also know that I’m not the only person who feels this way about transfers and varsity athletics.
Yes, I’m ready for football season…
Filed under: Basketball, Football, The Citadel | Tagged: Air Force, Anthony Roberts, Auburn, B.J. Phillips, Big South, Blane Woodfin, Charlie Taaffe, Chuck Driesell, Clemson, Duke, Ed Conroy, Eddie Teague, Ellis Johnson, Florida, Jeff Klein, Joe Wolfinger, John Rosa, Ken Burger, Kenny Manigault, Kevin Higgins, Mike Dejworek, Montana State, North Carolina, Southern Conference, The Citadel, The Citadel Graduate College, Tim Higgins, VMI, Wichita State, Willie Simmons | 5 Comments »